in print

The New York Times
Republicans Spin Impeachment While Ukrainians Suffer,” January 30, 2020
Russian Trolls Are Only Part of the Problem,” January 25, 2018
The Only Way to Defend Against Russia’s Information War,” September 25, 2017

The Washington Post
The West has gotten savvier about Russian disinformation. Will that help Ukraine?” January 22, 2022
Maria Ressa’s Nobel Prize is a Huge Blow to Facebook,” October 9, 2021
The West can’t coddle Belarus’s authoritarian leader anymore,” May 29, 2021.
The threat from deepfakes isn’t hypothetical. Women feel it every day,” March 25, 2021.
No matter who wins the election, disinformation will still poison our democracy,” October 28, 2020
The real impeachment bombshell? How to pronounce ‘Kyiv.’” November 21, 2019.
Yes, Trump released the aid to Ukraine. But the damage was already done.,” November 15, 2019
Which Democratic candidate has the best policies on social media?,” November 8, 2019
Five myths about Ukraine,” September 26, 2019
It’s time to start regulating Facebook,” November 15, 2018
Why dictators love Facebook,” April 13, 2018
Our biggest mistake in the fight against fake news,” March 31, 2017

The Atlantic
Trump’s Version of Poll-Watching Sounds Like Thuggery,” October 7, 2020
How an Anti-Shutdown Celebrity Is Made,” October 3, 2020
Estonia Already Lives Online—Why Can’t the United States?,” May 27, 2020
Ukraine’s Election is an All-Out Disinformation Battle,” April 17, 2019

Foreign Affairs
How Disinformation Corrodes Democracy: Biden’s Summit Must Confront the Scourge of False Narratives,” November 30, 2021
The Day the Internet Came for Them,” January 12, 2021
How to Defeat Disinformation: An Agenda for the Biden Administration,” November 19, 2020

The Internet is Failing Moms-to-be,” January 21, 2022
Online Harassment Towards Women is Getting Even More Insidious,” January 28, 2021
Facebook’s Kill Switch Solves the Wrong Problem,” August 21, 2020
Facebook Groups are Destroying America,” with Cindy Otis, June 17, 2020

How an Anti-Trump Flash Mob Found Itself in the Middle of Russian Meddling,” July 5, 2020 (adapted from How to Lose the Information War)
The Ukrainian President Isn’t Trump’s Stooge,” September 26, 2019

The Independent
“Why you should think twice before sharing pictures from Russia or Ukraine,” February 25, 2022

New Statesman
Why we need ‘informational distancing’ during the coronavirus crisis,” April 3, 2020

Columbia Journalism Review
Ukraine made a comedian its President. Here’s what US media can learn,” May 3, 2019

Mark Zuckerberg’s Bad New Year’s Resolution,” January 15, 2019

Facebook’s regulation fail in Ukraine should worry Europe,” May 17, 2019

BuzzFeed News
This Anti-Elizabeth Warren Senate Campaign Was Boosted By Fake Facebook Accounts,” October 3, 2018

The Wilson Quarterly
The Disinformation Vaccination,” January 31, 2018

Facebook is undermining democracy,” February 25, 2020
This Ukrainian presidential candidate is challenging language divisions with a message of unity,” April 19, 2019

The New Republic
Available in Helsinki: the Fate of Eastern Europe,” July 13, 2018
At What Point Can We Say Trump Is Sabotaging Russia Policy?,” March 28, 2018

America is Losing the Information War,” June 30, 2020 (adapted from How to Lose the Information War)

Coda Story
How Disinformation Became a New Threat to Women,” December 12, 2017

Project Syndicate
Trump’s Bigger Russia Problem,” with Anne-Marie Slaughter, September 21, 2017

The Spectator
What Trump Can Learn from Boris in Fighting Fake News,” October 30, 2020

The New Scientist
The Darkening Web: Misinformation is the strongest cyberweapon,” August 30, 2017
Powerful or Powerless: The backdoor to our cyber future,” 24 January 2018
Books chart social media’s fall from global village to villain,” 29 May 2018

Foreign Policy
Arsenal of Democracy,” July 23, 2016

German Marshall Fund’s Alliance for Securing Democracy
The Top Three Trends We Miss when Discussing Russian Ads,” May 15, 2018

congressional and parliamentary testimony

Evidence before the UK Joint Committee on Online Safety, September 13, 2021.

“How history, culture and education can help counter disinformation,” before the European Parliament’s Special Committee on Foreign Interference in all Democratic Processes in the European Union, including Disinformation, June 15, 2021.

“Technology and Information Warfare: The Competition for Influence and the Department of Defense,” before the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Cyber, Innovative Technologies, and Information Systems, April 30, 2021

“Misinformation, Conspiracy Theories, and ‘Infodemics’: Stopping the Spread Online,” before the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, October 15, 2020.

“United States Efforts to Counter Russian Disinformation and Malign Influence,” before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on State and Foreign Operations, July 10, 2019.

“Election Interference: Ensuring Law Enforcement Is Equipped to Target Those Seeking to Do Harm,” before the Senate Judiciary Committee, June 12, 2018.

academic/policy papers

Addressing Online Misogyny and Gendered Disinformation: A How-To Guide,” National Democratic Institute, September 2021.

Malign Creativity: How Gender, Sex, and Lies are Weaponized Against Women Online,” with Jillian Hunchak, Alexa Pavliuc, Celia Davies, Shannon Pierson, and Zoe Kaufman, The Wilson Center, January 2021.

Freedom and Fakes: A Comparative Exploration of Countering Disinformation and Protecting Free Expression,” with Shannon Pierson, The Wilson Center, December 2020

Enduring Information Vigilance: Government after COVID-19,” with Henry Collis, Parameters, US Army War College, Autumn 2020. (First-place recipient of the 2020 Landpower and Contemporary Strategy Award.)

Avoiding the Band-Aid Effect in Institutional Responses to Disinformation and Hybrid Threats,” August 2019, The Alliance for Securing Democracy, German Marshall Fund of the United States

Disinformation in Terrorist Content Online,” September 2019, GWU Program on Extremism


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